African Country Profiles

Tuesday, 14 April 2015 22:56

MAURITIUS

Politics: Navin Ramgoolam became premier in July 2005 and was defeated in the 2014 elections. Changing coalitions are a feature of politics
Economy: Political stability and efforts to diversify have helped Mauritius become one of Africa's most prosperous economies.
International: Mauritius claims the Chagos Islands, administered by Britain and home to a US military base on Diego Garcia

Tuesday, 14 April 2015 22:53

MAURITANIA

Politics: Mauritania has experienced several coups since independence in 1960. The current president led the latest coup in 2008, and subsequently won elections
Economy: Mauritania is Africa's second biggest exporter of iron ore and an oil producer. Its waters are reputed to have some of the most abundant fish stocks in the world
International: Mauritania has been working with the West to combat Islamist militancy in the Sahel region

Sunday, 08 March 2015 22:29

MOROCCO

Full name: The Kingdom of Morocco
Population: 32.6 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Rabat
Largest city: Casablanca
Area: 710,850 sq km (274,461 sq miles) (including W Sahara)
Major languages: Arabic and Berber (official), French, Spanish
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 70 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: Dirham = 100 centimes
Main exports: Minerals, seafood products, citrus fruit
GNI per capita: US $2,970 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .ma
International dialling code: +212

Sunday, 08 March 2015 22:25

MALI

Full name: The Republic of Mali
Population: 14.8 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Bamako
Area: 1.25 million sq km (482,077 sq miles)
Major languages: French, Bambara, Berber, Arabic
Major religions: Islam, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 53 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Cotton, gold, livestock
GNI per capita: US $610 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .ml
International dialling code: +223

Sunday, 08 March 2015 22:20

MALAWI

Full name: The Republic of Malawi
Population: 15.9 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Lilongwe
Area: 118,484 sq km (45,747 sq miles)
Major languages: English, Chichewa (both official)
Major religions: Christianity, Islam
Life expectancy: 55 years (men), 55 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Malawi kwacha (MK) = 100 tambala
Main exports: Tobacco, tea, sugar, cotton
GNI per capita: US $360 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .mw
International dialling code: +265

Sunday, 08 March 2015 22:15

MADAGASCAR

Full name: Republic of Madagascar
Population: 21.9 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Antananarivo
Area: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)
Major languages: Malagasy (official), French
Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity
Life expectancy: 65 years (men), 69 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: Ariary
Main exports: Vanilla, coffee, seafood, cloves, petroleum products, chromium, fabrics
GNI per capita: US $430 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .mg
International dialling code: +261

Sunday, 08 March 2015 22:11

LIBYA

Full name: State of Libya
Population: 6.4 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Tripoli
Area: 1.77 million sq km (685,524 sq miles)
Major language: Arabic
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Libyan dinar (LD) = 1,000 dirhams
Main exports: Crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas
GNI per capita: US $12,320 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .ly
International dialling code: +218

Sunday, 08 March 2015 22:04

LIBERIA

Full name: Republic of Liberia
Population: 4.2 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Monrovia
Area: 99,067 sq km (38,250 sq miles)
Languages: English, 29 African languages belonging to the Mande, Kwa or Mel linguistic groups
Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Liberian dollar (L$) = 100 cents
Main exports: Diamonds, iron ore, rubber, timber, coffee, cocoa
GNI per capita: US $330 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .lr
International dialling code: +231

Sunday, 08 March 2015 21:59

LESOTHO

Full name: The Kingdom of Lesotho
Population: 2.2 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Maseru
Area: 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq miles)
Major languages: Sesotho, English
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 48 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 loti (L) = 100 lisente
Main exports: Water, diamonds, clothing, wool, mohair, food, livestock
GNI per capita: US $1,210 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .ls
International dialling code: +266

Sunday, 08 March 2015 21:55

KENYA

Full name: The Republic of Kenya
Population: 42.7 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Nairobi
Area: 582,646 sq km (224,961 sq miles)
Major languages: Swahili, English
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 57 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Kenya shilling = 100 cents
Main exports: Tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products
GNI per capita: US $930 (World Bank, 2013)
Internet domain: .ke
International dialling code: +254

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