African Country Profiles

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:35

DJIBOUTI

Full name: The Republic of Djibouti
Population: 923,000 (UN, 2012)
Capital: Djibouti
Area: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)
Major languages: French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 57 years (men), 60 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Djiboutian franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Re-exports, hides and skins, coffee (re-exported from Ethiopia)
GNI per capita: US $1,270 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .dj
International dialling code: +253

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:31

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

Full name: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: 69.6 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Kinshasa
Area: 2.34 million sq km (905,354 sq miles)
Major languages: French, Lingala, Kiswahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba
Major religions: Christianity, Islam
Life expectancy: 47 years (men), 51 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Congolese franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, crude oil
GNI per capita: US $190 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .cd
International dialling code: +243

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:28

REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

Full name: Republic of the Congo
Population: 4.2 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Brazzaville
Area: 342,000 sq km (132,047 sq miles)
Major languages: French, indigenous African languages
Major religions: Christianity, indigenous African beliefs
Life expectancy: 57 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Oil, timber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds
GNI per capita: US $2,590 (World Bank, 2013)
Internet domain: .cg
International dialling code: +242

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:23

COMOROS

Full name: The Union of the Comoros
Population: 773,000 (UN, 2012)
Capital: Moroni
Area: 1,862 sq km (719 sq miles)
Major languages: Arabic, French, Comoran (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 60 years (men), 63 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Comoran franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Vanilla, cloves, perfume oil, copra
GNI per capita: US $770 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .km
International dialling code: +269

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:21

CHAD

Full name: The Republic of Chad
Population: 11.8 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: N'Djamena
Area: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)
Major languages: French, Arabic
Major religions: Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 52 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Cotton, oil, livestock, textiles
GNI per capita: US $720 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .td
International dialling code: +235

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:15

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Full name: Central African Republic
Population: 4.6 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Bangui
Area: 622,984 sq km (240,535 sq miles)
Major languages: French, Sangho (lingua franca)
Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy: 48 years (men), 51 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco
GNI per capita: US $320 (World Bank, 2013)
Internet domain: .cf
International dialling code: +236

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:13

CAPE VERDE

Full name: Republic of Cabo Verde
Population: 505,000 (UN, 2012)
Capital: Praia
Area: 4,033 sq km (1,557 sq miles)
Major languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a mixture of archaic Portuguese and African words)
Major religions: Christianity
Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Cape Verdean escudo = 100 centavos
Main exports: Shoes, clothes, fish, bananas, hides, pozzolana (volcanic rock, used to make cement)
GNI per capita: US $3,540 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .cv
International dialling code: +238

Friday, 06 March 2015 23:03

CAMEROON

Full name: Republic of Cameroon
Population: 20 million (UN, 2012)
Capital: Yaounde
Area: 475,442 sq km (183,568 sq miles)
Major languages: French, English, languages of Bantu, Semi-Bantu and Sudanic groups
Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 54 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Crude oil and petroleum products, timber, cocoa, aluminium, coffee, cotton
GNI per capita: US $1,210 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .cm
International dialling code: +237

Tuesday, 03 March 2015 23:13

BURUNDI

POPULATION : 8,749,000
AREA : 27,834 SQ KM
CAPITAL : BUJUMBURA

At a glance

Politics: Stability appeared to be within reach after years of bloody conflict, but post-election tension in 2010 has renewed fears of civil war
Economy: Half the population lives below the poverty line. Coffee and tea account for most of the foreign currency earnings
International: The conflict in neighbouring DRCongo provides emerging rebel groups with room to plan attacks

Tuesday, 03 March 2015 23:03

BURKINA FASO

POPULATION : 12,272,289
AREA : 274,200 SQ KM
CAPITAL : OUAGADOUGOU

 

At a glance

Politics: A popular uprising against long-term leader President Blaise Compaore prompted him to flee in 2014. The military has taken charge, angering the opposition which wants civilian rule
International: Burkina Faso has been involved in the various conflicts of the region. Many citizens who had traditionally worked in Ivory Coast fled after recent instability there

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